Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für Pharaohs im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Pharaohs of Egypt tells the stories of all the known kings of ancient Egypt. It is especially designed to be useful on field trips to a museum or. The Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharaohs, Volume I: Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty ( Bc) (Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharoahs) | Baker.
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As the religious leader of the Egyptians, the pharaoh was considered the divine intermediary between the gods and Egyptians. As a statesman, the pharaoh made laws, waged war, collected taxes, and oversaw all the land in Egypt which was owned by the pharaoh.
Many scholars believe the first pharaoh was Narmer, also called Menes. Pharaohs were typically male, although there were some noteworthy female leaders, like Hatshepsut and Cleopatra.
Hatshepsut, in particular, was a successful ruler, but many inscriptions and monuments about her were destroyed after her death—perhaps to stop future women from becoming pharaohs.
After their deaths, many pharaohs were entombed and surrounded by riches they were meant to use in the afterlife. Explorers and archaeologists have discovered these tombs and learned a great deal about ancient Egyptian society from them.
One very famous example was in when archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tutankhamen, a pharaoh who died when he was only nineteen.
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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
The Fifteenth Dynasty arose from among the Hyksos people who emerged from the Fertile Crescent to establish a short-lived governance over much of the Nile region, and ruled from to BC.
The Second Intermediate Period may include an independent dynasty reigning over Abydos from c. The Sixteenth Dynasty was a native Theban dynasty emerging from the collapse of the Memphis-based 13th dynasty c.
The 16th dynasty held sway over Upper Egypt only. Their chronological position is uncertain. The early 17th Dynasty may also have included the reign of a pharaoh Nebmaatre , whose chronological position is uncertain.
Through military dominance abroad, the New Kingdom saw Egypt's greatest territorial extent. It expanded far into Nubia in the south, and held wide territories in the Near East.
Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from c. The Twentieth Dynasty ruled from to BC:.
A number of dynasties of Libyan origin ruled, giving this period its alternative name of the Libyan Period. The Twenty-First Dynasty was based at Tanis and was a relatively weak group.
Theoretically, they were rulers of all Egypt, but in practice their influence was limited to Lower Egypt. They ruled from to BC. Though not officially pharaohs, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were the de facto rulers of Upper Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty , writing their names in cartouches and being buried in royal tombs.
The Twenty-Third Dynasty was a local group, again of Libyan origin, based at Herakleopolis and Thebes that ruled from to c.
Rudamun was succeeded in Thebes by a local ruler:. The Twenty-fourth Dynasty was a short-lived rival dynasty located in the western Delta Sais , with only two pharaohs ruling from to BC.
Nubians invaded Lower Egypt and took the throne of Egypt under Piye although they already controlled Thebes and Upper Egypt in the early years of Piye's reign.
The Twenty-sixth Dynasty ruled from around to BC. The son and successor of Necho I, Psamtik I , managed to reunify Egypt and is generally regarded as the founder of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty.
The Achaemenid Shahanshahs were acknowledged as Pharaohs in this era, forming the 27th Dynasty :. The Twenty-eighth Dynasty lasted only 6 years, from to BC, with one pharaoh:.
The Twenty-ninth Dynasty ruled from to BC:. Egypt again came under the control of the Achaemenid Persians.
After the practice of Manetho , the Persian rulers from to BC are occasionally designated as the Thirty-first Dynasty :.
The Argeads ruled from to BC:. The second Hellenistic dynasty, the Ptolemies , ruled Egypt from BC until Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC whenever two dates overlap, that means there was a co-regency.
The most famous member of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII, in modern times known simply as Cleopatra , who was successively the consort of Julius Caesar and, after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony , having children with both of them.
Cleopatra strove to create a dynastic and political union between Egypt and Rome, but the assassination of Caesar and the defeat of Mark Antony doomed her plans.
Between the alleged death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own alleged death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh.
It is tradition that he was hunted down and killed on the orders of Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus , but the historical evidence does not exist.
Subsequent Roman emperors were accorded the title of pharaoh, although exclusively while in Egypt. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Ancient Egypt portal Monarchy portal. Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen. Excavators discovered a store of papyri in his pyramid temple. These provided information about the economic, administrative, and religious practices during the 5th Dynasty.
The first half of his reign seems to have been prosperous with trade existing with various places. During the later part of his reign, local officials grew in power and began setting up little kingdoms.
Circumstances forced him to establish an economic overseer in Upper Egypt. Nitocris was the last pharaoh of the 6th Dynasty, during the Old Kingdom, and a woman.
Later historians claimed that she was the daughter of Pepi II and told various legends about her. According to one story, she built the smallest pyramid at Giza built by Menkaura.
Modern scholars doubt that Nitocris ever existed. Senusret I was a pharaoh from the 12th Dynasty in the Middle Kingdom.
His reign was a time of peace with no records of military campaigns found to date. Senusret I was the first pharaoh to begin irrigating the Faiyum to open more land for cultivation purposes.
His statues show signs of his actual appearance which marks a new idea in the depiction of pharaohs. Senusret built a pyramid and a funerary complex at Lahun.
Ahmose I was the founder of the 18th Dynasty which began the New Kingdom. He began the reunification of Egypt after the Second Intermediate Period.
He fought battles throughout Egypt, Palestine and Kush as he sought to banish the Hyksos. Goods and artwork from this period show a Minoan influence in the design on Egyptian forms.
Early Dynastic Egypt. Routledge, , p. The Pharaoh, Life at Court and on Campaign. Thames and Hudson, , pp.
Wilkinson, Early Dynastic Egypt, Routledge , pp. Pharaoh at Wikipedia's sister projects. Ancient Egypt topics. Index Major topics Glossary of artifacts.
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Piye Shebitku Shabaka Taharqa Tanutamun. Great Royal Wife Khenemetneferhedjet Pharaoh. Namespaces Article Talk.
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Wikimedia Commons. Five-name titulary. These tombs were tunnels cut deep into the natural rock. Read more Follow me on Twitter mbarrow.
I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.Pharao war ein seit dem Neuen Reich verwendeter Titel für den König von Ober- und Unterägypten. Der Begriff geht auf das ägyptische Wort Per aa zurück, das ursprünglich weder ein Herrschertitel noch ein Eigenname war, sondern die Bezeichnung für. Ethnic Identities in the Land of the Pharaohs deals with ancient Egyptian concept of collective identity, various groups which inhabited the. Elephant is the provisional name of a Predynastic ruler in Egypt. Since the incarved rock inscriptions and ivory tags showing his name are either drawn sloppily. Fish was thought to be a ruler of the Lower Egypt or a part of Lower Egypt during the late prehistoric period. He most likely never existed and is a modern. Ruled jointly with Akhenaten during the later years of his reign. Lotto Gewinnchancen usage depiction of Laurentia Liebe Laurentia crown begins during the Early Eighteenth Dynasty Pharaohs Egypt. Tefnakht Bakenranef. The dates given in this list of pharaohs are approximate. Click here for a list of the 25 most famous pharaohs of ancient Egypt.